[dropcap]A[/dropcap]lbert Einstein’s famous, variously repeated quote is, “God does not play dice with the universe,” or as some have it, “the world.” Not all physicists, as it turns out, hold that view.
God does play dice with the universe, and He has done so routinely from the beginning. He created the galaxies in a huge disorderly explosion. He peppered the starts randomly in the sky. He appointed the waters of heaven to descend as rain or son in undisciplined hordes. He ordered dry land to meet the seas at beaches composed of sand grains of dazzling variety. He persuaded the waves to wash upon them in lovely patterns of shape and sound that were never the same twice. He arranged for the summer breezed to blow haphazardly and, in moments of calm, for flies to zip around unpredictably so that they couldn’t be swatted. An in an inspired burets of genius, He invented people, who made dice for Him and played with them, and then went to work writing scholarly documents declaring that God doesn’t play dice with the universe.
~Nobel laureate (physics) Robert B. Laughlin, Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Professor of Physics at Stanford University, from his book, The Crime of Reason and the Closing of the Scientific Mind.